Sexual and reproductive rights of women
Guatemala has one of the most advanced legal frameworks in relation to sexual and reproductive rights of women in Central America. However, there are numerous obstacles for women to fully exercise these rights that are supposedly guaranteed in Guatemala.
One of the obstacles has been the evident ignorance of the specific legal framework and in favor of women by the Guatemalan legal community composed of lawyers, as well as other professionals who at some point have had to know causes related to women victims and survivors of physical, sexual, psychological and / or patrimonial violence or whose human rights have been violated.
In this sense, AME Guatemala has implemented training spaces where more than 100 medical professionals from the departments of Guatemala, Chimaltenango, Sololá, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Quetzaltenango and Alta Verapaz have acquired greater knowledge in the management of legal and regulatory instruments national and international in the field of women's human rights, especially sexual and reproductive rights of women. These spaces have been built in partnership with the Guatemalan Association of Medical Women -AGMM-.
Within the framework of this thematic axis, AME Guatemala has established itself as the advisory organization of the project “Sexual and reproductive health for indigenous women in the poorest, most marginalized and vulnerable regions of Guatemala”, initiated in 2010 in protected areas administered by the Foundation for Ecodevelopment and Conservation –FUNDAECO-.
Through the advice on this project, it was possible to open 20 community sexual and reproductive health clinics for Mayan, Garifuna and Mestizo women from 16 communities in the Department of Izabal and 30 communities in the Department of Huehuetenango, which offer sexual and reproductive health services and information with a gender and cultural relevance approach.
Gender equity in Guatemalan legislation and access to justice
The problem of violence against women in Central America represents one of the most serious violations of women's human rights in the region, especially regarding sexual violence. Sexual violence is a serious problem throughout the Latin American and Caribbean region, not only as a public health problem but also as a violation of human rights. The consequences for the reproductive, sexual, physical and psychosocial health of victims of sexual violence can be severe and lasting.
Although progress has been made in legislation and public policies to counteract the problem, there are still major challenges in its implementation, significant legal gaps, discriminatory rules and practices persist. Beyond the strategies promoted in each country, the great pending challenge is the construction of regional strategies for a problem that goes beyond the country's borders.
From that account, AME Guatemala in its commitment to transform paradigms, makes the diploma "Prevention and reduction of sexual violence against women in Guatemala" in partnership with the Colegio de Abogados y Notarios de Guatemala -CANG-, with the academic endorsement of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences of the University of San Carlos de Guatemala. So far there has been participation of more than 100 professionals from the legal community, who have had the opportunity to meet and deepen the problem of sexual violence.
Likewise, as part of this thematic axis, AME Guatemala has supported specific judicial actions to influence the application of the legal framework in favor of women, through an alliance with the Multidisciplinary Group for Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Guatemala.
Political participation of women with a gender approach
Various studies by national and international organizations warn about the lack of equity in access to popular election positions by women, despite their broad participation in electoral processes. Women have not been able to access spaces, where they can deepen and train to become political candidates, even within the same parties. On the other hand, they do not have the resources to boost their campaigns and do not have access to the candidates that are more likely to reach the positions of popular election in the electoral processes. The phenomenon of political exclusion becomes more evident in the countryside than in the city. In order to ensure the sympathy of women's groups and their possible electoral flow, some parties currently include the issue of women's representation through their presence on the lists. However, this presence occurs only in marginal places, where with difficulty it would reach a seat given the characteristics of the Guatemalan electoral system, designed to favor traditional parties with economic resources. Even when the Peace Accords propose means to stimulate electoral participation, concrete mechanisms that propitiate conditions of equity for the political participation of women in the Electoral Law were not recommended. AME Guatemala seeks to influence the access of women leaders to positions of popular decision, through different mechanisms and strategies that contribute to reducing the large participation gaps that currently exist.